Sunday, December 28, 2014

THE MOST TERRIBLE NATURAL DISASTERS



January 23, 1556 in the Chinese province of Shaanxi earthquake occurred, called the Great Chinese earthquake. It claimed the lives of about 830 thousand. Man. Great Chinese EARTHQUAKE 1556 Geological feature of Shaanxi Province is located on the territory of the Qinling mountain range, which is the fault of tectonic plates, a gradual shift that led to the massive earthquake. The epicenter of this earthquake was located near the towns of Hua County, Shaanxi, Weinan and Huanin.







Only about 40% of the inhabitants of these cities survived. Destruction of the affected area, separated from the epicenter at 500 km. In addition, the situation was exacerbated even what the locals living in the mountain limestone loess caves that collapsed after the first shock, or were flooded mudslide. Scientists estimate the power of the Great Chinese earthquake about 8 points. By the number of victims - this is the third accident in the entire recorded history of mankind, and of the earthquake - the strongest ever in magnitude and number of victims.
 



The Indian Ocean earthquake 2004

earthquake in the Indian Ocean on 26 December 2004 near the epicenter of the Indonesian island of Sumatra, the energy released by two times the energy of live ammunition, bombed during the Second World War, including the two atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The earthquake caused the tsunami, recognized the deadliest natural disaster in modern history. Five million people were left homeless. The tsunami reached the shores of Indonesia, Sri Lanka, southern India, Thailand and even Somalia and South Africa in 5000 kilometers from the epicenter. Were killed, according to various estimates, from 165 thousand. Up to 234 thousand. Man. Shift of the plates at the bottom of the Indian Ocean and a huge burst of energy even changed the Earth's rotation. The exact figure has not been determined, but the theoretical model assumes that earthquake reduced the length of the day by about 2.68 microseconds. Photo: Reuters floods in China, 1931After a long drought in the central and south-eastern regions of China in 1930 came to a snowy winter , succeeding rainy spring. Livni and constantly ongoing cyclones led to the fact that by July 1931 overflowed the country's largest rivers: the Yangtze River, Huaihe River, Yellow River. Dams on rivers have collapsed, leading to the flooding of the territory of nearly 350,000 hectares, 40 million people lost their homes and property. According to various sources died from 145,000 to 4 million people. This flood is one of the largest natural disasters in recorded history of mankind. Under the water were 16 of 23 Chinese provinces. A territory larger than the area of Austria, Bulgaria and Hungary combined. Came flooding and to Nanjing, the capital of the country at the time, and it is almost completely destroyed. By August 19 the water level is higher than normal by 16 meters. In some areas, including in the city of Hankou, the water subsided within four months. Photo: history.cultural-china.com floods on the Yellow River, 1887 Huang He or Yellow River, as the British called it, caused the most catastrophic floods in China. River Europeans dubbed "China's Sorrow" because she killed more people than any other river in the world. During the flood of 1887 in its waters over the banks, killing about two million people, half of whom died from a cholera epidemic. All affected by the floods of 600 cities located on the banks of the river, including the walled city of Hunan. Cyclone Bhola Cyclone 12 November 1970 on Bangladesh, while - East Pakistan, considered the worst natural disaster in the XX century, and the most deadly tropical cyclone. He claimed the lives of half a million people. Cyclone dispersed wind speeds up to 200 km / h and raised a tidal wave height of at least 8 meters. For half a minute collapsed homes, hospitals, power lines, broke down all communication with the outside world. The rest of Pakistan learned about the disaster only two days later, when the tragedy reached terrifying proportions. The total damage from the effects amounted to $ 450 million in 2006 prices. Three months after the disaster of food and water sources have been destroyed or contaminated with pathogenic microbes. The region spread of the epidemic. 75% of the population received food from the humanitarian aid, and more than 150 thousand. Man, these products accounted for half of their diet. It is worth noting that the discontent slow government action in the aftermath of the disaster led the opposition to win the election in December of the same year, which resulted in a war of independence and the creation of the state of Bangladesh. Photo: Wikimedia Commons, Reuters




















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