Wednesday, September 10, 2014


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In the Chandogya Upanishad speaks some interesting thoughts with epistemological significance.Thus, for example, speaks of the connection Uddalaka thought (thinking) with the breath of man as a "support". Uddalaka speaks of the need to distinguish between the idea of a thing from the thing itself, "names" of objects or phenomena of nature from those very objects or phenomena.Knowledge of the "name", he said, helps \ "to act on the request within that embraces the name," ie, helps a person to navigate in its environment. In this sense, the "name" should appreciate ("read").But this is not enough, because "there is something more than a name." What "more" (more important) name? Speech. But it's not the most important.Thought "more \" speech, as thought, "and it covers, and the name." The idea of "more" thoughts, because thanks to the plan come in the unity of the "name, voice, thought. Next for "thought", "hierarchy" of concepts ends at Uddalaka concept of breathing: breathing "more" of all, as a man without breath can not live. Of great interest is a passage devoted to "the knowledge of knowledge." It goes without saying that there is no more a theory of knowledge. But the question itself and focus on the conditions of human cognition deserves attention. Notable individual statements aphoristic character in the debate winner is the one whose side truth, seeking happiness one who acts, etc. In the passage "About five lights" contains thoughts that further be developed in the doctrine of the transmigration of souls, as well as in the doctrine of retribution (karma). According to the ideas of the ancient Indians after the death of a man his soul goes to the "one world" temporarily. But back to "the world", the soul may be in "lon" unworthy person or - even worse - a "bosom" of the animal (dogs, pigs, and so on. d.). It all depends on the behavior during the first visit to "the world": what goes around, comes around. away:

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